miércoles, 8 de septiembre de 2010

Sobre la educación en países en desarrollo

Me encanta el The Becker-Posner Blog, me encanta que dos personas de alto nivel y top en la sociedad conversen y debatan entre ellos, teniendo diferentes puntos de vista; a la vez que dialogan con gente joven de todo el mundo.

En su artículo Education and Innovation in Developing Countries, Posner hace ver, con razón: "But people who have modest IQs also benefit from education, as does society".

Y más adelante: "I would particularly stress the importance in developing countries of education in instilling civic values in a country’s youth, values that include honesty, respect for knowledge, tolerance, and, of perhaps greatest importance, loyalty to national institutions".

Prosigue: "Intense family and clan loyalties increase the cost and reduce the efficacy of government, foster nepotism and other forms of corruption, reduce social mobility, and undermine commercial values, which depend on impersonal markets. Modernity, which centrally entails a weakening of family and clan ties, is a precondition of economic progress, and education an important factor in promoting a modern outlook, quite apart from education’s role in developing technical skills".

Termina (ojo con la mención de Prusia): "Many developing countries are authoritarian, and their rulers may worry that education will loosen their grip on the population. On the contrary, it is more likely to strengthen it, by weakening family and clan loyalties that compete with loyalty to the regime. Prussia, the Soviet Union, Communist Cuba, and now China are examples of authoritarian regimes that emphasized education for the masses without undermining their authority.".

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